Top Up Health Insurance Policy

A top-up health insurance is an additional policy to the base standard policy.  Top up policies can be issued either as individual or as  floater policies. The top up policy comes into force only when the hospitalization expenses exceed the threshold limit of the base policy. This limit is called deductible. A deductible is that portion of the claim amount that is not covered by the insurance company and has to be paid by the insured person/insurance company providing the base cover. For example if the top up policy is taken  for Rs 9 lakhs with deductible of Rs 4 lakhs, then Insurance Company providing the Top up cover will entertain claims only when the claim amount exceed Rs 4 lakhs and claim of max  Rs 5 lakhs will be paid by the Company. The initial amount of Rs 4 lakhs will be paid by the Company providing the base cover or it has be borne by the policy holder himself if there is no base policy. In case of floater top up policy, the deductible is applied to each individual claim and not in aggregate.

Price advantage

            There are pricing advantage of a top up cover as can be observed from the  following  example:

Option 1: If a senior citizen, aged 61 years takes an individual health insurance policy  for  Rs 5 lakhs from Apollo Munich, the annual premium comes to Rs 28921/- (approx)

Option 2: Alternatively, he can opt for a combination of lower individual cover and balance as top up cover. In this case he can take a base policy of  Rs 2 lakhs for the which premium will come around to Rs 13,500/-(Approx)in Apollo Munich   and  a top up  cover of Rs 5 lakhs with deductible amount of Rs 2 lakhs for which premium will be around  around to Rs 5,704/-(Approx). So he will have to pay Rs 19,204/- in aggregate for total cover of Rs 5 lakhs.

Hence Option 2 is cheaper than option

  Other Advantages

  These policies are affordable due to lower premium compared to standard hospitalisation policy. Further if the employer provided cover is not adequate, top up policy is suitable. It comes in handy for senior citizens who otherwise have to pay exorbitant premium for additional cover. But it cannot help, if the individual claims are all below the threshold limit. Top up policies can be taken as add-on policies with any other health insurance policy. One can buy top up health insurance policy in any insurance company, even if his/her base policy  is from some other company. Income tax benefit is also available on the premium paid as per section 80-D of income tax Act.

Comparison of top up policies

(Service tax  taken at 10.30%)

Name of the CompanyUnited India Bajaj Alliance Star healthICICI LombardBharti Axa Apollo munich
Name of productSuper top upExtra careSuper surplusHealth care plusHigh deductibleOptima Plus
Minimum coverRs 5 lakhs with Rs 2 L deductibleRs 10 lakhs with Rs 3 L deductibleRs 7 lakhs with Rs 3L deductibleRs 5 lakhs with Rs 2L deductibleRs 3 lakhs with Rs 1L deductibleRs 5 lakhs with Rs 5L deductible
Maximum coverRs 20 lakhs with Rs 5 L


Rs 15 lakhs with Rs 5 L deductibleRs10Lakhs with Rs 5L


Rs 10 lakhs with Rs 4 L deductibleRs10lakhs with Rs3L deductibleRs 5 lakhs with Rs 1L deductible
Entry age18-80 years18-70 years5-60 years5-60years5-65 years3m-65 years
Renewal up toLife time80 years75 years70 years70 yearsLife time
Waiting period for pre-existing illness 4 continuous year 4 continuous year3 continuous year 4 continuous year4 continuous year 4 years
Premium for Rs 10 lakhs sum insured with Rs 3L deductible at  35 yearsRs 3,199Rs 2,758Rs 4,412Rs 2,206Rs 1,442Rs 1,158*

*Rs 1,158/- premium for sum insured Rs 5 lakhs with Rs 2 lakhs deductible